In order to optimise sector integration, policy-makers need to agree on the main goal that is to be pursued. Decarbonisation and energy efficiency are two different goals that can be associated to some extent but not entirely.
Improving energy efficiency makes it possible to reduce GHG emissions to some extent but it does not make it possible to achieve full decarbonisation. On the other hand, technologies such as carbon capture and storage and nuclear make it possible to achieve full decarbonisation but do not improve energy efficiency.
In view of the Union’s climate objectives for 2030 and 2050, we believe the energy policy the EU should aim at improving energy efficiency, while still prioritizing GHG-emission reductions. Our contribution to the Commission’s consultation is available below :